USA: Hegemony and Decline

Issue 3/2010 of the review of Geopolitics “Eurasia”, entitled USA: HEGEMONY AND DECLINE, has been released. This 288-page volume contains 24 articles about the USA, a still-hegemonic power in decline, on the scene of the transition from unipolarism to the new multipolarist order. Here follows a list and a short synthesis of each article.

Italy has already lost its Libyan war

Whatever will be the outcome of this conflict, Italy has already lost its Libyan campaign. Our governors, mindful of the worst national speciality, celebrated the 150 years of unity with a glaring about-face toward Libya. Not only the honour and reputation are at peril though. The oil furniture and orders, however the conflict will end, will probably go, most of them if not all, from the Italian hands to other countries.

The USA, Turkey and the Crisis of the Western System

The unipolar system , which seems to have been filed by history, has entered a deep crisis together with the U.S. – led Western system. The economic and financial collapse and the loss of a reliable partner in the “geopolitical building” such as Turkey determined the end of the U.S. expansion. The U.S. are now on the crest of a very important decision: shelving the project of the world supremacy, and therefore sharing the political and economic choices with other global actors, or instead, insisting on the hegemonic plan, risking their very survival as a nation. The choice will be dictated by the relations that will be established in the short to medium term, among the pressure groups that influence the U.S. foreign policy and the evolution of the multipolar system.

"The situation in Egypt is very complicated and confused"

Interviewed by IRNA (Press Agency of Iran) on the recent events in Egypt, Tiberio Graziani, Director of “Eurasia. Italian Journal of Geopolitics” and president of IsAG - Institute of High Studies in Geopolitics and Auxiliary Sciences, stated the following.

Furthering South-Asian Economic Integration

The aim of this article is to cast light on the positive processes of south-Asian economic integration. It is divided into two principal parts. The first one is intended to describe the state of economic cooperation between Afghanistan and Pakistan focusing on the new transit trade agreement and on its capabilities to turn these two countries into a fundamental junction of the south-Asian trade. The second one concerns regional integration’s projects with a special focus on the energy field, which could result in the building of physical links in terms of gas and oil pipelines throughout the south-central Asian continent as well as in the satisfaction of the growing energy needs of countries like India and Pakistan. These two sections will be followed by a conclusion in which I’ll try to sum up the current state of the integration, underlining the weaknesses of this process and the main obstacles that it has to face.

After Wikileaks "scandals": The western plot failed and Italy-Russia cooperation boost

Despite the huge means put in place to sabotage the relations between Italy and Russia, in particular through the piloted "scandal" of Wikileaks and then attempting to overthrow the government of Silvio Berlusconi — which I discussed in a recent article — the efforts of Westerners/Atlantists do not seem to have been successful so far. Although in Italy, in parliament and in the mass media, there is a wide and heterogeneous odd assortment of forces hostile to Russia that have their reference points in Washington, London and Tel Aviv, 2010 ended with an extremely positive balance for the ties between Italy and Russia.

Exclusive interview to the SCO's Secretary-General

Interview by Tiberio Graziani (editor of Italian geopolitical journal Eurasia) to Muratbek Imanaliev, Shanghai Cooperation Organization Secretariat Deputy Secretary-General.

The importance of Russia to Italy

n this perspective Russia, major energy provider, becomes fundamental in the Italian geopolitics. Rome needs to keep friendly commercial relationships with Moscow to preserve the transits of Russian hydrocarbons to our country: therefore it’s easy to explain the choice the ENI made to cooperate with Gazprom, and in particular with the construction of the South Stream gas pipeline, that bypass the unstable western Europe. This factor adds up to the need of a diplomatic counterbalance in the attempt to suggest, without any doubt, Russia as one of the necessary pillars of the Italian foreign policy in the XXI century.

Wikileaks, the Italy-Russia relations and the attempt of "colored revolution" in Italy

Tuesday, 14th December have been rejected the two no-confidence motions (one in the senate, or upper house, one in the chamber of deputies) against the Berlusconi government. The no-confidence motions were submitted by the two main opposition parties, but the leader of the revolt is Gianfranco Fini, speaker of the chamber and former main ally of Berlusconi. Fini, who was the co-founder of the centre-right party PdL (The People of Freedom, Italian: Il Popolo della Libertà), together with Berlusconi, and allied with Lega Nord in the government, is known for his strongly pro-American and pro-Israel views.

Wikileaks Geopolitical Agenda and South Stream

The flood of cables dumped on the world by the mysterious and secretive Wikileaks founder Julian Assange is certainly one of the most bizarre events in recent intelligence history. Among the documents Brzezinski calls "seeded" with "pointed" facts to "favor an agenda" by an "intelligence agency," are those relating to negotiations between Moscow and Rome’s Berlusconi government over construction of the geopolitically significant South Stream gas pipeline. The clear intent of the pointed leak is to cause political embarrassment to the embattled government of Berlusconi at a vulnerable time when the flamboyant Prime Minister is being inundated with personal scandals and coalition resignations. It seems to date however that the leaks have not deterred Moscow-Rome energy cooperation.

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